Mitogen activated protein kinase plays a significant role in metaphase II arrest, spindle morphology, and maintenance of maturation promoting factor activity in bovine oocytes.

TitleMitogen activated protein kinase plays a significant role in metaphase II arrest, spindle morphology, and maintenance of maturation promoting factor activity in bovine oocytes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsGordo AC, He CL, Smith S, Fissore RA
JournalMolecular reproduction and development
Volume59
Issue1
Pagination106-14
Date Published2001 May
AbstractMammalian oocytes are arrested at the G2/M transition of the first meiotic division from which, after reaching full size and subsequent to an LH surge, they undergo final maturation. Oocyte maturation, which involves germinal vesicle breakdown, progression through metaphase I (MI), and arrest at MII, is triggered and regulated by the coordinated action of two kinases, maturation promoting factor (MPF) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK). The importance of the role of MPF in mammalian oocyte maturation is well established, while the role of MAPK, although well understood in mouse oocytes, has not been fully elucidated in oocytes of large domestic species, especially bovine oocytes. Here we show that injection of MKP-1 mRNA, which encodes a dual specificity MAPK phosphatase, into germinal vesicle stage bovine oocytes prevents the activation of MAPK during maturation. Despite the lack of MAPK activity, MKP-1-injected oocytes resume and progress through meiosis, although they are unable to arrest at MII stage and, by 22-26-hour post-maturation, exhibit decondensed pronucleus-like chromatin, a clear sign of parthenogenetic activation. MKP-1-injected bovine oocytes exhibit normal activation of MPF activity; however, by 18-hour post-maturation, MPF activity starts to decline and by 22-26 hr MPF activity is absent. MKP-1-injected oocytes also show disorganized MII spindles with poorly aligned chromosomes. In summary, our results demonstrate that in bovine oocytes MAPK activity is required for MII arrest, maintenance of MPF activity, and spindle organization.
Alternate JournalMol. Reprod. Dev.