Cuticular lipid differences between the malaria vector and non-vector forms of the Anopheles maculatus complex.

TitleCuticular lipid differences between the malaria vector and non-vector forms of the Anopheles maculatus complex.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsKittayapong P, Clark JM, Edman JD, Potter TL, Lavine BK, Marion JR, Brooks M
JournalMedical and veterinary entomology
Volume4
Issue4
Pagination405-13
Date Published1990 Oct
AbstractTwo chromosomal forms (E and F) of the Anopheles maculatus Theobald complex were distinguished by gas-liquid chromatographic (GC) analysis of cuticular lipids in association with a multivariate principal component analysis. The GC chromatogram obtained from n-hexane extracts of individual specimens showed no consistent qualitative differences in normalized peak areas between forms. Of the seventeen consistent peaks, five were found to be quantitatively different between forms at a high (99.5-99.95%) level of statistical confidence. Relative ratios of these five quantitatively different GC peaks were used as criteria to distinguish single specimens as either form E or form F. Chemical structures of the five GC peaks were assigned by both electron impact and chemical ionization gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. The first three peaks, which were always doublets, were partially resolved saturated and mono-unsaturated free fatty acids; the other two peaks were n-alkanes. Principal component analysis substantiated that the vector form E has very similar cuticular lipid profiles and is well separated from the non-vector form F.
Alternate JournalMed. Vet. Entomol.