Use of Animals in Teaching

In several courses, animals are used to demonstrate the principles of animal management and to study various biological phenomena. At all times we strive to provide housing and care of animals as prescribed by the guidelines of the National Institutes of Health and the United States Department of Agriculture for the care of animals. Whenever procedures are used to demonstrate livestock management practices or used in laboratory experimentation, the amount of pain is kept to a minimum. Class use of animals is reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee.

Courses that utilize animals

Presented in each course are the uses and procedures conducted. Students who find certain techniques personally objectionable may meet with the instructor at the start of the semester and arrange an alternative exercise. If there is no alternative to the laboratory exercise the student should not elect to take the class. The procedures that may be conducted on animals fall into the categories of: surgery, anesthesia, euthanasia, fasting, pain, and injections. Only the procedures actually used will be presented in the discussion of each class.

ANIML SCI 101 – Introduction to Animal Science

Animals are used to demonstrate common animal management practices. Animals used include horses, cattle, sheep, goats, swine and poultry.

ANIML SCI 103 – Introduction to Animal Management

An introduction to animal management practices with hands-on experiences. Animals used include horses, cattle, sheep, goats, swine and poultry. Procedures used on some animals are routine farm management practices that include castration, ear tagging, tail docking, paint branding, ear notching, clipping of needle teeth and injection of iron. Students should request alternative exercises at the start of the semester if they find these practices objectionable.

ANIML SCI 220 – Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals

The relationship between anatomical structure and function is emphasized. Preserved organs and models provide most of the anatomical material.

ANIML SCI 231 & 251 Dorset Sheep Management

Students will learn skills such as hoof trimming, vaccinating, parasite detection, pregnancy detection, lambing and neonatal care; make decisions regarding selection, breeding and culling and learn to recognize signs of illness and administer treatments.

ANIML SCI 232 & 252 Belted Galloway Management

Students will learn to perform practical management techniques such as handling, vaccinating, deworming, breeding, halter breaking, weaning, fitting and showing as well as observing the behavior of Belted Galloway cattle.

ANIML SCI 233 & 253 Boer Goat Management

Students will develop practical skills including: handling, feeding, vaccinating, breeding, assisting with the delivery of goat kids and assisting the herd veterinarian.

ANIML SCI 234 & 254 Poultry Management

Students will be responsible for all daily care including:  feeding, cleaning, weekly weights, bird identification, moving the coops on pasture, record keeping, marketing and distributing the processed birds.

ANIML SCI 297B – Special Topics – A.I. Certification

This course demonstrates and teaches artificial insemination of dairy and beef cattle. The instructor is a professional from the A.I. industry.

ANIML SCI 297D & 297DCSpecial Topics – Dairy Calf Management

Students will feed and care for dairy calves seven days per week.  Students will also weigh, clean, and perform other management procedures with the calves.

ANIML SCI 332 – Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding

A ruminally cannulated cow is used to investigate the digestive physiology of the fore-stomach. Various ciliated protozoa that colonize the rumen are examined and identified under a microscope. Additionally, the rumen is partially emptied in order to examine various rumen anatomical landmarks. Animals used in the class may include cattle, horses, sheep and swine.

ANIML SCI 421– Wildlife Reproduction

Animals may used for palpations and breeding demonstrations.

ANIMLSCI 432 – Advanced Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding

A ruminally cannulated cow is used to investigate digestive physiology of the fore-stomach.  Various ciliated protozoa that colonize the rumen are examined and identified under a microscope. Additionally, the rumen is partially emptied in order to examine various rumen anatomical landmarks.  Animals used in class may include cattle, horses, sheep and swine.

ANIML SCI 445A - Equine Reproduction Lab

Hands on opportunities in equine reproduction; specifically: semen collection, preparation of the mare for breeding; teasing; and assisting in foaling.

ANIML SCI 455 and ANIML SCI 490R – Research Animal Management I & II

In this course students are taught humane care, handling and management of animals used in research. Techniques used in nutrition, breeding, disease control, gnotobiology, anesthesiology, surgery, and necropsy are studied. Common handling techniques are practiced.  Animals used in the lab include: mice, rats, gerbils, hamsters, guinea pigs and rabbits.

ANIML SCI 497A - Equine Diseases and Health Management

The majority of the course is directed towards hands on experience in the general management practices with emphasis on such topics as infectious and non-infectious diseases, wound care, vaccination, dental care, lameness detection, and parasite control.

ANIML SCI 521 – Physiology of Reproduction

Laboratory exercises are used in conjunction with the lectures to demonstrate current methods and technologies used in developing successful reproductive management programs for domestic animals. Animals used include: cattle, swine, sheep, goats and horses.