Patterns of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in fertilized bovine eggs.

TitlePatterns of intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in fertilized bovine eggs.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsFissore RA, Dobrinsky JR, Balise JJ, Duby RT, Robl JM
JournalBiology of reproduction
Date Published1992 Dec
KeywordsAnalysis of Variance, Animals, Calcium, Cattle, Female, Fertilization, Fertilization in Vitro, Inositol, Male, Ovum, Sperm-Ovum Interactions, Thimerosal
AbstractSperm-induced calcium (Ca2+) changes were examined in zona pellucida-intact, mature bovine eggs injected with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2 dextran (fura-2 D). Fifty four percent (37/68) of the dye-injected, inseminated bovine eggs were fertilized and 43% (16/37) of the fertilized eggs exhibited Ca2+ elevations during the time of measurement. All (16/16) of the eggs with Ca2+ elevations were fertilized but none of the unfertilized eggs (0/31) showed intracellular Ca2+ elevations. Six of 13 eggs that were later examined and found to be fertilized at the time of the Ca2+ recordings did not show sperm-induced Ca2+ elevations. Fifty percent (8/16) of the eggs with Ca2+ elevations exhibited a single Ca2+ rise as a response to sperm penetration during the 60-min period in which these eggs were monitored. Twelve percent (2/16) of the eggs responded with two Ca2+ elevations spaced by 50- and 51-min intervals and 38% (6/16) of the eggs exhibited multiple elevations with intervals of 15-29 min. In the latter group, one egg was polyspermic. The mean amplitude of the sperm-induced Ca2+ elevations was 564 +/- 58 nM. Eggs with single elevations reached higher peak concentrations than eggs with multiple elevations (p < 0.05). The mean duration of the Ca2+ elevations was 166 +/- 13 sec and was similar among eggs with different Ca2+ patterns. The first elevations detected occurred at a mean of 6.6 +/- 0.5 h after insemination. Fertilization in this study was confirmed by looking at pronuclear formation 16 h post-insemination or by DNA staining immediately after the fluorescence readings. Eggs exhibiting Ca2+ elevations ranged in stage of fertilization from just penetrated to pronuclear. Injection of inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate (5 microM in the injection pipette) into 6 bovine eggs induced an immediate Ca2+ elevation with a mean peak Ca2+ value of 700 +/- 60 nM and a mean duration of 103 +/- 21 sec. Incubation of bovine eggs with 200 microM thimerosal induced periodic Ca2+ rises. The mean number of Ca2+ elevations observed in 35 min of recordings was 3.0 +/- 0.5 (n = 9, range 1-5). The mean peak Ca2+ value of the first thimerosal-induced Ca2+ elevation was 990 +/- 210 nM. The results of this study indicate that fertilization can evoke intracellular Ca2+ elevations in bovine eggs and that the periodicity of these Ca2+ elevations is different among eggs. Furthermore, both inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and thimerosal were able to induce intracellular Ca2+ release in bovine eggs.
Alternate JournalBiol. Reprod.
PubMed ID1493184