Partial characterization of the calcium-releasing activity of porcine sperm cytosolic extracts.

TitlePartial characterization of the calcium-releasing activity of porcine sperm cytosolic extracts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsWu H, He CL, Jehn B, Black SJ, Fissore RA
JournalDevelopmental biology
Date Published1998 Nov 15
AbstractInjection of sperm cytosolic extracts into mammalian eggs has been shown to elicit intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) oscillations that are similar in amplitude, duration, and frequency to those observed following fertilization. Thus, to characterize the Ca2+-release component(s) in porcine sperm cytosolic extracts, a combination of fractionation techniques was used. The fraction with Ca2+ releasing activity was precipitated by 50% saturating solutions of ammonium sulfate and Western blot analysis showed that the pellets contained glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase (gpd)/oscillin, a protein which has been suggested to be the sperm’s active component. Single and double isoelectrofocusing (IEF) of porcine sperm extracts generated fractions with different Ca2+-releasing activities. Fractions with maximal Ca2+-releasing activity did not contain material that was immunoreactive with antibodies against gpd/oscillin; adjacent fractions containing gpd/oscillin had no Ca2+-releasing activity. These findings were confirmed by IEF coupled with size exclusion chromatography on Superose 12 and with hydroxyapatite chromatography. These procedures predict an isoelectric point of our active component of 6.5-7.0 and a relative molecular weight ranging from 29 to 68 kDa. In summary, the data show that the Ca2+ release-inducing component(s) of porcine sperm extracts can be fractionated and that gpd/oscillin is not the pig sperm Ca2+ oscillogen.
Alternate JournalDev. Biol.