Lack of a role for natural killer cells in early control of Brucella abortus 2308 infections in mice.

TitleLack of a role for natural killer cells in early control of Brucella abortus 2308 infections in mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsFernandes DM, Benson R, Baldwin CL
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume63
Issue10
Pagination4029-33
Date Published1995 Oct
AbstractStudies were conducted to determine if natural killer (NK) cells are important for early control of the virulent strain Brucella abortus 2308 following infection of mice with high or low challenge doses. Splenocytes from C57BL/10 and BALB/c mice that had been infected with the lower dose of B. abortus displayed increased cytotoxicity against YAC-1 cells during the first week after infection, while infection of C57BL/10 mice with the higher challenge dose either did not alter the level of NK cytotoxic activity or decreased it, depending upon the time postinfection. In vivo depletion of NK cells by monoclonal antibody anti-NK1.1 or polyclonal anti-asialoGM1 antiserum did not result in an increase in the number of brucellae recovered from the spleens or livers of the brucella-resistant C57BL/10 mice or from the spleens of the susceptible BALB/c mice during the first week after infection. Treatment of control mice with the NK-reactive antibodies, however, decreased killing of the NK-sensitive target YAC-1, indicating that the NK cell depletion regimes were effective. Our results suggest that NK cells are not crucial for early control of B. abortus 2308 even though they may be activated following infection. Further experiments indicated that treatment of C57BL/10 mice with poly(A:U) did not decrease the number of brucellae recovered from their spleens although it did decrease the CFU in livers of mice infected with the high challenge dose.
Alternate JournalInfect. Immun.