Expression of MDM2 during mammary tumorigenesis.

TitleExpression of MDM2 during mammary tumorigenesis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsPinkas J, Naber SP, Butel JS, Medina D, Jerry DJ
JournalInt J Cancer
Volume81
Issue2
Pagination292-8
Date Published1999 Apr 12
ISSN0020-7136
KeywordsAlternative Splicing, Animals, Breast Neoplasms, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Genetic Code, Humans, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Neoplasm Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Abstract

The MDM2 oncoprotein encodes a 90 kDa nuclear phosphoprotein capable of abrogating the growth suppressive functions of p53 and pRb tumor suppressor proteins by direct interaction. Alternative splicing of MDM2 protein coding sequences has been documented during tumor progression in human ovarian and bladder carcinomas. The aim of this study was to determine whether alternative splicing of MDM2 occurs during breast tumorigenesis in mice and humans and whether protein coding sequences were affected. Specimens representing normal and malignant breast tissues from the murine D2 mammary tumor model system and human breast carcinomas were examined. Three distinct mdm2 mRNA transcripts of 3.3, 1.6 and 1.5 kb were detected in normal and malignant murine mammary tissues by Northern blot analysis using a full-length mdm2 cDNA probe. Additional Northern blot analysis using a probe derived from exon 12 of murine mdm2 demonstrated that the 1.5 and 1.6 kb transcripts lack sequences encoding the C-terminus of the protein. No evidence of internal deletions of protein coding sequences of mdm2 was detected in any of the normal mammary tissues or D2 murine mammary tumors examined by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR). Three distinct MDM2 transcripts of 6.7, 4.7 and 1.9 kb were detected in malignant human breast tissue by Northern blot analysis using a cDNA probe specific for the complete open reading frame of human MDM2. However, a cDNA probe specific for the last exon of human MDM2 hybridized only to the 6.7 and 4.7 kb transcripts, demonstrating that the 1.9 kb transcript lacked protein coding sequences contained in exon 12. Similarly, no internal deletions were detected in a panel of malignant human breast tissues using RT-PCR and analogous primers within human MDM2. Therefore, breast tumors differ from other solid tumors reported previously in that no internal deletions of MDM2 protein coding sequences were observed. However, the data document the presence of multiple MDM2 mRNA transcripts in both normal and malignant breast tissues. A subset of MDM2 transcripts were shown to lack the last exon which contains sequences coding for the RING and zinc fingers and domains which are targets for caspase-3 mediated proteolytic degradation and are required to target p53 for proteosomal degradation.

Alternate JournalInt. J. Cancer
PubMed ID10188733