Evaluation of type 1 immune response in naïve and vaccinated animals following challenge with Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo: involvement of WC1(+) gammadelta and CD4 T cells.

TitleEvaluation of type 1 immune response in naïve and vaccinated animals following challenge with Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo: involvement of WC1(+) gammadelta and CD4 T cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsNaiman BM, Blumerman S, Alt D, Bolin CA, Brown R, Zuerner R, Baldwin CL
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume70
Issue11
Pagination6147-57
Date Published2002 Nov
AbstractOrganisms within the Hardjo serovar of Leptospira species are harbored in cattle throughout the world, causing abortion in pregnant animals as well as being shed in the urine, thereby providing sources of zoonotic infection for humans. We recently showed that sterile immunity in vaccinated cattle is associated with induction of a type 1 (Th1) cell-mediated immune response. Here naïve and previously vaccinated pregnant cattle were challenged with a virulent strain of serovar Hardjo and subsequently evaluated for expression of a type 1 immune response. Lymphocytes that responded in a recall response to antigen by undergoing blast transformation were evident in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from vaccinated cattle throughout the postchallenge test period while those from naïve cattle were evident at one time point only. Nevertheless, beginning at 2 weeks after challenge, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) was measured in supernatants of antigen-stimulated PBMC cultures from nonvaccinated animals although the amount produced was always less than that in cultures of PBMC from vaccinated animals. IFN-gamma(+) cells were also evident in antigen-stimulated cultures of PBMC from vaccinated but not from nonvaccinated animals throughout the postchallenge period. The IFN-gamma(+) cells included CD4(+) and WC1(+) gammadelta T cells, and a similar proportion of these two subpopulations were found among the dividing cells in antigen-stimulated cultures as ascertained by carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester loading. Finally, while naïve and vaccinated animals had similar levels of antigen-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) following challenge, vaccinated animals had twofold-more IgG2. In conclusion, while infection may induce a type 1 response we suggest that it is too weak to prevent establishment of chronic infection.
Alternate JournalInfect. Immun.