EphrinB2 affects apical constriction in Xenopus embryos and is regulated by ADAM10 and flotillin-1.

TitleEphrinB2 affects apical constriction in Xenopus embryos and is regulated by ADAM10 and flotillin-1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJi YJ, Hwang Y-S, Mood K, Cho H-J, Lee H-S, Winterbottom E, Cousin H, Daar IO
JournalNat Commun
Volume5
Pagination3516
Date Published2014
ISSN2041-1723
Abstract

The Eph/ephrin signalling pathways have a critical function in cell adhesion and repulsion, and thus play key roles in various morphogenetic events during development. Here we show that a decrease in ephrinB2 protein causes neural tube closure defects during Xenopus laevis embryogenesis. Such a decrease in ephrinB2 protein levels is observed on the loss of flotillin-1 scaffold protein, a newly identified ephrinB2-binding partner. This dramatic decline in ephrinB2 protein levels on the absence of flotillin-1 expression is specific, and is partly the result of an increased susceptibility to cleavage by the metalloprotease ADAM10. These findings indicate that flotillin-1 regulates ephrinB2 protein levels through ADAM10, and is required for appropriate neural tube morphogenesis in the Xenopus embryo.

DOI10.1038/ncomms4516
Alternate JournalNat Commun
Refereed DesignationRefereed
PubMed ID24662724